You probably know about Flag Day, the day set aside to honor the day in 1775 when the thirteen colonies produced and adopted their own flag. But, did you know that it is also the day which commemorates the establishment of the first American Army? It is the Army’s birthday too, and we will tell you all about it!
Flag Day was first proposed in 1885 by a school teacher. It was established by proclamation in 1916. And established as a national holiday by congress in 1949. Oh, you knew that? Well, good for you! Also equally relevant, the Army’s birthday, and here’s the story about that.
Happy Birthday, Army!
The year was 1775. The thirteen colonies were about to go to war with the mega-power, England. The colonies had been using local militia for skirmishes around Boston. Authority over the small groups sent to fight from each colony was a big problem.
But, the fledgling country realized that it needed a better chain of command, as well as more centralized leadership. The country needed an Army. And on June 14, 1775, the congress resolved to create rules and regulations for the army they needed to create. Also, they passed measures to enlist ten companies of rifle sharpshooters, and they raised the money to pay their new army.
George Washington, first commander-in-chief
George Washington was commissioned the first commander-in-chief of the newly adopted army. He officially took over command on July 3, 1775.
The Navy, and the Marines began in 1775 also. The Marines began on November 10, 1775. Furthermore, the Navy began on October 13, 1775. The coast guard began in 1777. The Air Force began September 14, 1947.
Currently, over one million people serve in the Army with another 800,000 or so serving in the seven reserve components which happen to be: Army reserve, Marine reserve, Air Force reserve, and Navy reserve. In addition, there are the Coast Guard reserve, the Air National Guard, and the Army National Guard.
So now, you too are an expert on the Army’s birthday!